Removable Partial Dentures
Removable partial dentures are also known as "partial dentures" or "partials". They can be used when you are only missing a few teeth or when adjacent teeth are not strong enough to support a dental bridge. Partial dentures contain one or more artificial teeth and stay in place by clasps that fit onto your remaining teeth.
Types & Styles of Partial Dentures
Partial dentures can be tooth-supported or tooth-and tissue-supported. Your denturist will be able to explain the differences between the two types. Some partial dentures can even use implants to enhance your support and fit.
The state of your oral health and number of remaining teeth are just some of the factors that determine which type of partial denture best suits your needs. Partials can be constructed from a variety of materials, such as acrylics, a metal/acrylic mixture, or flexible thermoplastics.
Each of these materials has its purpose:
• Partials made from acrylic are often used for transitional or temporary purposes for replacing missing teeth.
• Partials with a metal/acrylic mixture (also known as cast partials) are stiffer and have a longer term function. Either chrome cobalt alloy or titanium make up the metal, which are both extremely light, thin and durable.
• Partials made with flexible thermoplastics, but may not be suitable for all patients.
All partial dentures are fully removable and should be taken out and cleaned every night. This not only prevents bacteria and plaque buildup, it also allows your mouth to rest.
Things To Expect
• When you first wear your partial denture, it may feel a bit uncomfortable. This is normal and the denture will be become more comfortable over time.
• Closely follow the instructions your denturist gives you in regards to wearing, cleaning and caring for your denture.
• Never forcefully bite down on the denture to force it into place. Doing so increases your chances of breaking the claps.
• At first, you may be asked to wear the denture more than usual. This is the fastest way to identify and correct problem areas.
• Let your denturist know if the denture is causing any soreness in areas of your mouth. They will make adjustments to make it fit better.
• Soft diet is recommended while you’re adjusting to your dentures. Also make sure you chew with both sides of your mouth to evenly distribute the pressure.
Benefits of Partials
Partial dentures are beneficial since they don’t cause harm to your remaining teeth. In fact, dentures support them by keeping them in place and prevent any shifting. This also keeps them healthy by alleviating the pressure placed on them while you chew or speak.
Eating will become easier, since you’ll now have a full set of teeth. However, it’s a good idea to start off eating soft foods prepared in smaller pieces as your mouth adjusts to the dentures.
Your speech will also become clearer. If you have trouble pronouncing specific words, practice saying them out loud. With time, speaking with dentures will become easier.
With the advancements of dental technology, partial dentures are more comfortable than ever. Many designs and materials are now available, including ones with near invisible claps. Ask your denturist to find out more.